Review of: Reign Francis

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On 25.05.2020
Last modified:25.05.2020

Summary:

Das Seriendebt von Formaten wie Tatort: Klingelingeling, in der Regel gnstiger sind.

Reign Francis

- Francis (Toby Regbo) proposes to Mary (Adelaide Kane) in Reign on the CW. Love!!! Der junge und unerfahrene Francis erlebt eine Wandlung. Erst fällt er in Ungnade, dann kehrt er Bedeutet das etwa seinen Ausstieg aus der Serie "​Reign"? - Erkunde Jessys Pinnwand „reign francis and mary“ auf Pinterest. Weitere Ideen zu Serien, Filme, Königin mary.

Reign Francis Staffel 3 auf DVD und Blu-ray

Francis, König von Frankreich Francis, wurde mit 6 Jahren an Mary Stuart verlobt. Da sie mit Francis verlässt nichtsahnend den Hof. Mary und Bash verlieben sich, aber Bash hat durch die Intrigen der Königin Schwierigkeiten, am Hof anerkannt zu werden. Der junge und unerfahrene Francis erlebt eine Wandlung. Erst fällt er in Ungnade, dann kehrt er Bedeutet das etwa seinen Ausstieg aus der Serie "​Reign"? Während Mary und Francis auf König Henry einreden, endlich angemessen zu reagieren, weigert sich dieser, Truppen an die Grenze zu schicken. Unterdessen​. Francis und Mary heuern einen Freibeuter namens Martin an, um für sie neue Ressourcen zu erschließen. Als Greer zum Hofe zurückkehrt, lässt sie sich sofort​. Francis und Bash machen indes schockierende Entdeckungen über Tomas, woraufhin Mary dessen Antrag überdenkt. „Frost“ ansehen. Folge 5 der 1. Staffel. 5. - Francis (Toby Regbo) proposes to Mary (Adelaide Kane) in Reign on the CW. Love!!!

Reign Francis

- Erkunde Sophies Pinnwand „Francis und Mary“ auf Pinterest. Weitere Ideen zu Reign, Serien, Filme. Francis, König von Frankreich Francis, wurde mit 6 Jahren an Mary Stuart verlobt. Da sie mit Francis verlässt nichtsahnend den Hof. Mary und Bash verlieben sich, aber Bash hat durch die Intrigen der Königin Schwierigkeiten, am Hof anerkannt zu werden.

Although the royal age of majority was 14, his mother, Catherine de' Medici , entrusted the reins of government to his wife's uncles from the House of Guise , staunch supporters of the Catholic cause.

They were unable to help Catholics in Scotland against the progressing Scottish Reformation , however, and the Auld Alliance was dissolved.

Francis was succeeded by two of his brothers in turn, both of whom were also unable to reduce tensions between Protestants and Catholics.

Francis was born 11 years after his parents' wedding. The long delay in producing an heir may have been due to his father's repudiation of his mother in favour of his mistress Diane de Poitiers , [1] but this repudiation was mitigated by Diane's insistence that Henry spend his nights with Catherine.

He was baptised on 10 February at the Chapelle des Trinitaires in Fontainebleau. He became governor of Languedoc in and Dauphin of France in , when his grandfather Francis I died.

He learned dancing from Virgilio Bracesco and fencing from Hector of Mantua. Mary had been crowned Queen of Scotland in Stirling Castle on 9 September at the age of nine months following the death of her father James V.

Mary was a granddaughter of Claude, Duke of Guise , a very influential figure at the court of France. Once the marriage agreement was formally ratified, the six-year-old Mary was sent to France to be raised at court until the marriage.

She was tall for her age and eloquent, and Francis was unusually short and stuttered. Henry II said, "from the very first day they met, my son and she got on as well together as if they had known each other for a long time".

It was a union that could have given the future kings of France the throne of Scotland and also a claim to the throne of England through Mary's great-grandfather, King Henry VII of England.

As a result of the marriage, Francis became King Consort in Scotland until his death. The marriage produced no children, possibly due to Francis's illnesses or undescended testicles.

A little over a year after his marriage, on 10 July , Francis became king at age 15 upon the death Henry II, who had been killed in a jousting accident.

The crown was so heavy that nobles had to hold it in place for him. Francis II took the sun for his emblem and for his mottoes Spectanda fides This is how faith should be respected and Lumen rectis Light for the righteous.

According to French law, Francis was an adult who did not need a regent. His mother, Catherine de' Medici , agreed to this delegation. On the first day of his reign, Francis II instructed his four ministers to take orders from his mother, but since she was still in mourning for her husband, she directed them to the House of Guise.

Francis, Duke of Guise, was one of the most famous military commanders in the royal army, and the Cardinal of Lorraine had participated in the most important negotiations and matters of the kingdom.

After Francis II ascended the throne, the two brothers split the custody of the kingdom: Duke Francis became head of the army and Charles the head of finance, justice, and diplomacy.

At the new king's suggestion, he left the court for his estates to get some rest. Diane de Poitiers, the mistress of the previous king, was asked not to appear at court.

It was a palace revolution. The transition has been described as brutal, but while it no doubt caused the Constable considerable frustration, there were no confrontations or reprisals.

Montmorency remained tied to power. As soon as the day after the death of the king, he was present at the council meeting and was also at the coronation.

Later he supported the repression of the Amboise conspiracy of , notably by going to the Parlement to communicate to its members the measures taken by the king.

In July he came back to court and to the council, although in a much less flamboyant manner than before. The reign of Francis II was dominated by religious crisis.

Due to growing discontent, the government tried conciliation. Under the influence of Catherine de' Medici, it started a dialogue with the proponents of this relatively new movement, while remaining implacable towards agitators.

Until the end of his reign, the French kingdom was paralysed by local revolts. He reacted by becoming more authoritarian. From the beginning of their regency, the Guises faced deep discontent throughout the kingdom.

The opposition was led by two Princes of the Blood who contested their power and their decisions as rulers. The Guises were seen by many as lacking legitimacy.

To their adversaries, they were merely ambitious foreigners from Lorraine. However, Antoine failed to prevail against the Guises when he came to court.

The political decisions of the government were also contested. The Guises faced a disastrous financial situation. After decades of wars against the House of Habsburg , the public debt stood at 48 million livres , while the king had only 12 million livres in annual income.

The Guises implemented a policy of austerity intended to improve the country's financial situation, but this contributed mightily to their unpopularity.

They reduced the size of the army, and many soldiers became unemployed. Frustrations mounted at court, as the cutbacks spared the regiments under the control of the Guises and their friends.

The autumn of saw a wave of house searches, arrests, and asset forfeitures. Determined to stop the persecution and have Protestantism officially recognised, a group of noblemen planned the Amboise conspiracy to overthrow the government and give power to the Princes of the Blood, who supported the new religion.

The conspirators planned to take over the palace with the help of the royal guard, abduct the king, then eliminate the Guises if they offered any resistance.

A substantial external military deployment was intended to secure the operation. During February , the court received multiple warnings about the conspiracy.

Due to that threat, the royal council decided, under the influence of Queen Catherine de' Medici, to make some concessions.

On 8 March , the king signed an edict granting general amnesty to Protestants. The poorly organised conspiracy ended in a bloodbath.

Its outcome was determined as early as 15 March when Jacques, Duke of Nemours , arrested some of the primary conspirators. Over the following days disorientated troops, mostly peasants, were arrested one by one in and around the forest of Amboise.

The king was at first inclined to leniency. He freed them and ordered them to return to their homes. But on 17 March, two hundred men tried to storm one of the city gates at the foot of the castle.

Quickly repelled by the Duke of Guise, these rebels were unmercifully pursued. More than a hundred were executed, some even hanged from the ramparts of the castle.

The retaliation continued for several weeks, and almost twelve hundred people died. He had arrived at court during the uprising and helped to defend the castle.

Interrogation of prisoners clearly placed him as the conspiracy's beneficiary, but the word of commoners did not count against that of a Prince of the Blood.

Irrefutable written proof was needed to accuse him. The outburst of violence caused by the Amboise conspiracy made the court decide that persecuting Protestants only made the religious crisis worse.

Clemency towards Protestants became policy. Public assemblies were still prohibited, but the government released all religious prisoners. This was the first easing of religious persecution since Henry II's reign.

The government was then dominated by "averagers", humanists convinced that reconciliation among Christians was possible, based on reciprocal concessions.

An ecumenical council for the church of France was officially proposed: instead of gaining the consent of Pope Pius IV , the cardinal and the Queen Mother called for a general council in which Christians of all opinions and from all over Europe would meet to reform the religion.

The Pope opposed this. Even though they did not want to split from Rome, the Pope's opposition led them to threaten a national council if he did not agree.

To mitigate criticism of the king based on his youth, the government tried to win him approval by communicating his decisions themselves.

A gathering of the Estates General was suggested, but, fearing that they would be evicted due to their unpopularity, the Guises strongly opposed this.

Under pressure from the Queen Mother, the Guises agreed to consult with the notables: this led to a meeting of the Assembly of Notables at Fontainebleau from 21 to 26 August.

The Princes of the Blood and the Constable were asked to attend and to resume their roles in the king's council.

The assembly closed by convening the Estates General. Highly critical of the Pope, the Assembly of Notables also decided to gather France's bishops to obtain their consent for a national council.

Afraid to see gallicanism slip out of his control, the Pope eventually agreed to a general council, but rejected the attendance of any Protestant, as demanded by the French government.

The government's conciliation policy was intended to ease tensions, but had the opposite effect. Encouraged by the government's leniency, Protestants continued to congregate for religious services.

Although law officials intervened to disperse them and to imprison the organizers, the growing numbers of participants, which sometimes exceeded a thousand, made it impossible to accomplish this for lack of resources.

Some were even won over to the new religion. In some places Protestants challenged royal authority with riots and armed rebellions.

The unrest that had started sporadically during the Amboise conspiracy spread over the summer throughout the kingdom.

Many rioters had the support of local notables. Motivated by fierce propaganda against the Guises, and seeking revenge for the stamping out of the Amboise conspiracy, the boldest attacked castles, jails, and churches.

During the spring of , the kingdom experienced the first major events of iconoclasm in Provence. Protestants elected local leaders, raised money, bought weapons, and formed militias.

The climax came during the night of 4 and 5 September, when Protestant militias tried to take over Lyon. The king's reaction was fierce and determined: he mobilised his troops, sent the army to the rioting areas, and ordered governors to return to their positions.

At the expense of its influence in Europe, France continued to restore lands conquered over the previous 40 years.

When Henry II died, the restitution of these territories was well under way. Francis II, aware of the kingdom's weaknesses, reassured Spain of its intention to fulfill the treaty just signed.

Both were allies of Spain. Finally, Valenza , which Brissac was grumbling about releasing, was to be returned to the Spanish Duchy of Milan.

On the Spanish side, King Philip II showed some unwillingness to return four locations in the northeast of the kingdom as required by the treaty.

Border disputes renewed tensions between the two nations, but after months of protests Francis II finally obtained these territories.

Along with restitution of territories, the government of Francis II had to negotiate, pay, or claim compensations for people whose properties were taken or destroyed during the war.

Many noblemen were still prisoners and unable to pay their ransom. Common soldiers were consigned to use as rowers on the royal galleys.

Even after a reciprocal release compromise was signed, Spain was not eager to lose its prisoners. A secret clause signed by the queen provided that Scotland would become part of France if the royal couple did not have children.

Because of French control over their country, a congregation of Scottish lords organised an uprising and made the regent and her French councils leave the capital, Edinburgh , in May Having taken refuge at the fortress of Dunbar, Marie of Guise asked France for help.

Francis II and Mary Stuart sent troops right away. By the end of , France had regained control of Scotland.

Nothing seemed to stand in the way of French control of Scotland apart from English support for the Scottish nobles. They were supported by the arrival in April of soldiers and horsemen, which began the siege of the city.

Just as English troops were not particularly successful, the French troops found themselves in a better strategic position. But the French government's poor financial situation and internal turmoil in the French kingdom prevented any military reinforcements from being sent.

With Marie of Guise shut up in an Edinburgh fortress, the two men were forced to negotiate a peace that was disadvantageous to France.

A few weeks later, Scotland's parliament established Protestantism as the state religion. When Francis II and Mary Stuart were presented with the Treaty of Edinburgh, they were outraged and refused to sign it; they also challenged the legitimacy of the Scottish parliament's decision.

The king's health deteriorated in November A peasant uprising forces Mary and Catherine into the woods while Francis searches for them; Lola and Narcisse bond to satisfy mutual needs.

Catherine's daughter shows up, unexpectedly creating a rivalry with Kenna; Narcisse pressures Francis to defy his conscience or risk his throne. The fight between Protestants and Catholics is worsened by demands from a Vatican emissary; Claude suspects Catherine wants to get rid of her.

As Protestant-Catholic violence reaches a pinnacle, Mary considers a solution to bring both sides closer and solve the issue of Claude's marriage.

Francis is plagued by guilt over the attack on Mary and vows to find her assailants; meanwhile, Catherine receives a ghostly visitor in the night.

After being confronted by Claude, Catherine's hallucinations lead her to consider suicide. As the Feast of Renewal arrives at the castle, Francis has hopes of reconciling with Mary; Catherine learns the truth about her hallucinations.

Mary and Francis learn of the connection between Henry's and Catherine's "madness. Mary's mother visits, cautioning Mary about her decision to live apart from Francis; meanwhile, Francis wants his son to marry into a powerful family.

With Francis ill, Mary serves as commander in chief and devises a plan to save Scotland; Catherine continues her plot to expose Mary's infidelity.

But following a terrorist threat, Mary and Francis reconnect. The duplicitous Catherine begins to plot Mary's downfall when fate casts her together with Mary's greatest enemy, Elizabeth.

Meanwhile, Elizabeth faces challenges of her own. Elizabeth faces political backlash for protecting Catherine, who is imprisoned when she returns to France.

Mary must make some difficult decisions. When King Antoine unexpectedly returns to Court, Mary must help Francis hide his weakening condition long enough to secure his family's future.

After Mary receives an urgent message from her ailing mother about the dire situation in Scotland, she finds herself looking to Francis for aid.

Grateful for a future with a revived Francis, Mary considers signing away her claim to the English throne. Catherine learns that Nostradamus is back.

Mary realizes she must help Catherine in her quest to become regent, no matter the cost. Elizabeth struggles with the prospect of losing Dudley.

Suspicions arise about the intentions of the new English ambassador. Mary and Catherine deal with the aftermath of Prince Don Carlos's accident.

Mary contemplates her future. Catherine is accused of poisoning Francis. Mary becomes suspicious about Prince Don Carlos's true condition.

Elizabeth makes a shocking discovery which could affect her reign over England. Mary tries to resist her feelings for Gideon as she works to align herself politically.

Catherine and Narcisse continue their vicious power struggle. As Charles's coronation approaches, Mary searches for a powerful suitor to align with.

Lola discovers the truth about who targeted Elizabeth. Mary weighs her options as she and Gideon find themselves in uncharted emotional territory.

Meanwhile, Catherine's past comes back to haunt her. After putting Gideon in danger, Mary turns to another Englishman for help.

Bash vows to track down the men behind the threats to Catherine. Mary realizes that she must return to Scotland and raise her own army to save her throne.

Lola helps Elizabeth find out more about her mother. Mary learns that she has a chance to get to Scotland safely. But when Catherine faces a crisis, Mary ponders whether to stay and protect her.

Mary arrives in Scotland and realizes she must keep her royal identity a secret. Lola's efforts to help Elizabeth raise the Queen's suspicions. Meanwhile, Mary and Bash face a dangerous enemy.

While Elizabeth battles Mary for control of Scotland, Lola is accused of a terrible crime. Charles returns to France a changed man. As Mary establishes her rule in Scotland, her rivalry with Elizabeth continues.

Meanwhile, betrayals abound as Catherine's family members clash. Mary tests her brother's loyalty after hearing of his meeting with John Knox.

Elizabeth agrees to help Lord Darnley, but she has ulterior motives. When Mary receives alarming news, she suspects there's a traitor in the ranks.

Elizabeth enlists Narcisse in a plot to bring down Knox. Mary gets a proposal from Gideon, with a promise from Elizabeth attached.

But a chat with Lord Darnley's mother makes her think twice about accepting. Mary gets to know Darnley. To avoid being sent to a nunnery, Claude accepts an arranged marriage.

Charles's behavior becomes increasingly disturbing. A child's disappearance in the woods leads to alarming rumors about Charles. To win over the clan leaders, Darnley accepts a boxing challenge.

Elizabeth orders Darnley's return to England -- by force, if necessary. Catherine and Narcisse try to hide the Charles's disappearance from Leeza.

Catherine tracks down a revitalized Charles, who makes a shocking announcement upon his return home. James finds Darnley in a compromising situation.

Nicole is tasked with bringing Charles back to Catholicism. Mary learns the identity of the Loyal Watchman, and later receives a mysterious prophecy.

Mary gets news that all but seals her fate with Darnley, but later learns he's secretly meeting with the Vatican. Knox discovers his wife's affair.

Elizabeth seeks a Catholic husband. A hostage situation decides whether Charles must abdicate. Knox's wife reveals an assassination plot to James.

When Darnley is again denied the Crown Matrimonial, he threatens to reveal Mary's plan to seize England.

Henry drops a bombshell that rattles Charles. Elizabeth and Gideon's romance is discovered. Desperate to appear strong, Charles commits a serious diplomatic error.

Knox makes Darnley an offer. Those conspiring against Mary accuse her of adultery and make a scapegoat of a man close to her.

Henry opens Nicole's eyes to Narcisse's true nature. Against Bothwell's advice, Mary entrusts Darnley to help her capture the Privy Council members for arrest.

Narcisse avenges his wife's death. When Mary goes into labor, Darnley's mother takes advantage of her absence to influence her son, who exhibits troubling mental and physical symptoms.

Knowing her mentally ill husband could get legal custody of her son, Mary accepts Bothwell's offer to eliminate him, a decision which seals her fate.

Call Netflix Netflix. This vivid historical drama series tells of the rise to power of Mary, Queen of Scots, amid a court full of sexual and political intrigue.

Watch all you want. Episodes Reign. Season 1 Season 2 Season 3 Season 4. Release year: Pilot 43m.

Snakes in the Garden 42m. Kissed 42m. Hearts and Minds 41m. A Chill in the Air 42m. Chosen 40m. Left Behind 42m. Fated 42m. For King and Country 42m.

Sacrifice 41m. Inquisition 42m. Royal Blood 42m. The Consummation 42m. Dirty Laundry 41m. The Darkness 42m.

Monsters 42m. Liege Lord 42m. No Exit 42m.

Reign Francis Inhaltsverzeichnis

Am Hof angekommen, lernt sie nicht nur ihren zukünftigen Gatten kennen, sondern auch dessen charismatischen Halbbruder, der ihr schöne Augen macht. Eine neue Braut 43 Min. Shades Of Grey Online Anschauen von The Lumineers. Francis kann die Wahrheit nicht länger verbergen und gesteht Mary, dass er bald sterben wird. Dazu kommt, dass die Königin eine Entscheidung trifft, die alles für immer verändert. Mary leidet hingegen sehr unter der Tatsache, dass sie nicht schwanger wird. Sie hält unterdessen die schwangere Lola davon ab, sich einer riskanten Abtreibung zu unterziehen. Der Geschmack von Rache 42 Min. Catherine schafft es, ihre Unschuld zu beweisen. Mary erfährt von einer tödlichen Geheimklausel in ihrem Ehevertrag und droht, Henrys Krankheit öffentlich zu enthüllen, sollte der Vertrag nicht vernichtet werden. Die zweite Staffel wurde zwischen dem 2. Willkommen Hindenburg Stream, Majestät 42 Min. In Schottland schreibt Marie de Guise an Hart Of Dixie Stream Tochter, sie bricht zusammen und ist tot. Elizabeth ist bereit, Lord Darnley zu helfen, hat aber Hintergedanken. DramaKostümfilm. Sie kämpft nun ums Überleben. Lola entdeckt, wer es wirklich auf Elizabeth abgesehen hatte. Narcisse La Fontana Wolfsburg derweil eine gerichtliche Untersuchung gegen Catherine, doch der gelingt es Jauch Gottschalk Schöneberger Show von Bash Francis intakten Leichnam zu präsentieren. Der Preis eines Königlebens 41 Min. Ein Leben für ein anderes 42 Min. Leith will mit ihrer Heirat, dass sie das Geschäft aufgibt, und Greer macht ihm deutlich, dass sie ihn nicht heiraten kann. Deutschsprachige Erstausstrahlung. - Erkunde Jessys Pinnwand „reign francis and mary“ auf Pinterest. Weitere Ideen zu Serien, Filme, Königin mary. - Erkunde Sophies Pinnwand „Francis und Mary“ auf Pinterest. Weitere Ideen zu Reign, Serien, Filme.

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Als Mary von dieser Vision erfährt, bläst sie die Hochzeit mit Francis ab und schlägt dem König vor, stattdessen den Bastard Bash legitiminieren zu lassen, um ihn zu ehelichen. Catherine und Narcisse sind weiter in ihren Machtkampf verstrickt. Unterdessen veranstaltet Henry die irrwitzigsten Aktionen, um Mary zu beeindrucken. Paris: Sandoz et Fischbaker. Young Francis misses Mary when she's away at convent. Spoiler alert, she does and she has a big secret. The reign of Francis II was dominated by religious crisis. Having taken refuge at the fortress of Dunbar, Marie of Guise asked France Reign Francis help. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Playing with Fire Deadpool 2 Vanisher. Arts Building projects Court Festivals. Knox discovers his wife's affair. Henry II said, "from the very first day they met, my son and she got on as well together as if they had Eine Stadt Sucht Einen Mörder each other for a long time".

Henry II said, "from the very first day they met, my son and she got on as well together as if they had known each other for a long time". It was a union that could have given the future kings of France the throne of Scotland and also a claim to the throne of England through Mary's great-grandfather, King Henry VII of England.

As a result of the marriage, Francis became King Consort in Scotland until his death. The marriage produced no children, possibly due to Francis's illnesses or undescended testicles.

A little over a year after his marriage, on 10 July , Francis became king at age 15 upon the death Henry II, who had been killed in a jousting accident.

The crown was so heavy that nobles had to hold it in place for him. Francis II took the sun for his emblem and for his mottoes Spectanda fides This is how faith should be respected and Lumen rectis Light for the righteous.

According to French law, Francis was an adult who did not need a regent. His mother, Catherine de' Medici , agreed to this delegation.

On the first day of his reign, Francis II instructed his four ministers to take orders from his mother, but since she was still in mourning for her husband, she directed them to the House of Guise.

Francis, Duke of Guise, was one of the most famous military commanders in the royal army, and the Cardinal of Lorraine had participated in the most important negotiations and matters of the kingdom.

After Francis II ascended the throne, the two brothers split the custody of the kingdom: Duke Francis became head of the army and Charles the head of finance, justice, and diplomacy.

At the new king's suggestion, he left the court for his estates to get some rest. Diane de Poitiers, the mistress of the previous king, was asked not to appear at court.

It was a palace revolution. The transition has been described as brutal, but while it no doubt caused the Constable considerable frustration, there were no confrontations or reprisals.

Montmorency remained tied to power. As soon as the day after the death of the king, he was present at the council meeting and was also at the coronation.

Later he supported the repression of the Amboise conspiracy of , notably by going to the Parlement to communicate to its members the measures taken by the king.

In July he came back to court and to the council, although in a much less flamboyant manner than before. The reign of Francis II was dominated by religious crisis.

Due to growing discontent, the government tried conciliation. Under the influence of Catherine de' Medici, it started a dialogue with the proponents of this relatively new movement, while remaining implacable towards agitators.

Until the end of his reign, the French kingdom was paralysed by local revolts. He reacted by becoming more authoritarian.

From the beginning of their regency, the Guises faced deep discontent throughout the kingdom. The opposition was led by two Princes of the Blood who contested their power and their decisions as rulers.

The Guises were seen by many as lacking legitimacy. To their adversaries, they were merely ambitious foreigners from Lorraine.

However, Antoine failed to prevail against the Guises when he came to court. The political decisions of the government were also contested.

The Guises faced a disastrous financial situation. After decades of wars against the House of Habsburg , the public debt stood at 48 million livres , while the king had only 12 million livres in annual income.

The Guises implemented a policy of austerity intended to improve the country's financial situation, but this contributed mightily to their unpopularity.

They reduced the size of the army, and many soldiers became unemployed. Frustrations mounted at court, as the cutbacks spared the regiments under the control of the Guises and their friends.

The autumn of saw a wave of house searches, arrests, and asset forfeitures. Determined to stop the persecution and have Protestantism officially recognised, a group of noblemen planned the Amboise conspiracy to overthrow the government and give power to the Princes of the Blood, who supported the new religion.

The conspirators planned to take over the palace with the help of the royal guard, abduct the king, then eliminate the Guises if they offered any resistance.

A substantial external military deployment was intended to secure the operation. During February , the court received multiple warnings about the conspiracy.

Due to that threat, the royal council decided, under the influence of Queen Catherine de' Medici, to make some concessions. On 8 March , the king signed an edict granting general amnesty to Protestants.

The poorly organised conspiracy ended in a bloodbath. Its outcome was determined as early as 15 March when Jacques, Duke of Nemours , arrested some of the primary conspirators.

Over the following days disorientated troops, mostly peasants, were arrested one by one in and around the forest of Amboise. The king was at first inclined to leniency.

He freed them and ordered them to return to their homes. But on 17 March, two hundred men tried to storm one of the city gates at the foot of the castle.

Quickly repelled by the Duke of Guise, these rebels were unmercifully pursued. More than a hundred were executed, some even hanged from the ramparts of the castle.

The retaliation continued for several weeks, and almost twelve hundred people died. He had arrived at court during the uprising and helped to defend the castle.

Interrogation of prisoners clearly placed him as the conspiracy's beneficiary, but the word of commoners did not count against that of a Prince of the Blood.

Irrefutable written proof was needed to accuse him. The outburst of violence caused by the Amboise conspiracy made the court decide that persecuting Protestants only made the religious crisis worse.

Clemency towards Protestants became policy. Public assemblies were still prohibited, but the government released all religious prisoners. This was the first easing of religious persecution since Henry II's reign.

The government was then dominated by "averagers", humanists convinced that reconciliation among Christians was possible, based on reciprocal concessions.

An ecumenical council for the church of France was officially proposed: instead of gaining the consent of Pope Pius IV , the cardinal and the Queen Mother called for a general council in which Christians of all opinions and from all over Europe would meet to reform the religion.

The Pope opposed this. Even though they did not want to split from Rome, the Pope's opposition led them to threaten a national council if he did not agree.

To mitigate criticism of the king based on his youth, the government tried to win him approval by communicating his decisions themselves.

A gathering of the Estates General was suggested, but, fearing that they would be evicted due to their unpopularity, the Guises strongly opposed this.

Under pressure from the Queen Mother, the Guises agreed to consult with the notables: this led to a meeting of the Assembly of Notables at Fontainebleau from 21 to 26 August.

The Princes of the Blood and the Constable were asked to attend and to resume their roles in the king's council.

The assembly closed by convening the Estates General. Highly critical of the Pope, the Assembly of Notables also decided to gather France's bishops to obtain their consent for a national council.

Afraid to see gallicanism slip out of his control, the Pope eventually agreed to a general council, but rejected the attendance of any Protestant, as demanded by the French government.

The government's conciliation policy was intended to ease tensions, but had the opposite effect. Encouraged by the government's leniency, Protestants continued to congregate for religious services.

Although law officials intervened to disperse them and to imprison the organizers, the growing numbers of participants, which sometimes exceeded a thousand, made it impossible to accomplish this for lack of resources.

Some were even won over to the new religion. In some places Protestants challenged royal authority with riots and armed rebellions.

The unrest that had started sporadically during the Amboise conspiracy spread over the summer throughout the kingdom.

Many rioters had the support of local notables. Motivated by fierce propaganda against the Guises, and seeking revenge for the stamping out of the Amboise conspiracy, the boldest attacked castles, jails, and churches.

During the spring of , the kingdom experienced the first major events of iconoclasm in Provence. Protestants elected local leaders, raised money, bought weapons, and formed militias.

The climax came during the night of 4 and 5 September, when Protestant militias tried to take over Lyon.

The king's reaction was fierce and determined: he mobilised his troops, sent the army to the rioting areas, and ordered governors to return to their positions.

At the expense of its influence in Europe, France continued to restore lands conquered over the previous 40 years. When Henry II died, the restitution of these territories was well under way.

Francis II, aware of the kingdom's weaknesses, reassured Spain of its intention to fulfill the treaty just signed.

Both were allies of Spain. Finally, Valenza , which Brissac was grumbling about releasing, was to be returned to the Spanish Duchy of Milan.

On the Spanish side, King Philip II showed some unwillingness to return four locations in the northeast of the kingdom as required by the treaty.

Border disputes renewed tensions between the two nations, but after months of protests Francis II finally obtained these territories.

Along with restitution of territories, the government of Francis II had to negotiate, pay, or claim compensations for people whose properties were taken or destroyed during the war.

Many noblemen were still prisoners and unable to pay their ransom. Common soldiers were consigned to use as rowers on the royal galleys.

Even after a reciprocal release compromise was signed, Spain was not eager to lose its prisoners. A secret clause signed by the queen provided that Scotland would become part of France if the royal couple did not have children.

Because of French control over their country, a congregation of Scottish lords organised an uprising and made the regent and her French councils leave the capital, Edinburgh , in May Having taken refuge at the fortress of Dunbar, Marie of Guise asked France for help.

Francis II and Mary Stuart sent troops right away. By the end of , France had regained control of Scotland. Nothing seemed to stand in the way of French control of Scotland apart from English support for the Scottish nobles.

They were supported by the arrival in April of soldiers and horsemen, which began the siege of the city. Just as English troops were not particularly successful, the French troops found themselves in a better strategic position.

But the French government's poor financial situation and internal turmoil in the French kingdom prevented any military reinforcements from being sent.

With Marie of Guise shut up in an Edinburgh fortress, the two men were forced to negotiate a peace that was disadvantageous to France.

A few weeks later, Scotland's parliament established Protestantism as the state religion. When Francis II and Mary Stuart were presented with the Treaty of Edinburgh, they were outraged and refused to sign it; they also challenged the legitimacy of the Scottish parliament's decision.

The king's health deteriorated in November On 16 November he fainted. Multiple diseases have been suggested, such as mastoiditis , meningitis , or otitis exacerbated into an abscess.

Some suspected Protestants of having poisoned the king, a view held by Catholics as the tensions between them and Protestants were on the rise, but this has not been proven.

Francis II died childless, so his younger brother Charles , then ten years old, succeeded him. Francis II had a brief reign. He became king as an inexperienced teenager, at a time when the kingdom was struggling with religious troubles.

Historians agree that Francis II was fragile, both physically and psychologically, and his frail health led to his early death.

Royal arms of Francis, Dauphin and King consort of Scots. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. King of France. Basilica of St Denis , France.

Mary, Queen of Scots. Meanwhile, betrayals abound as Catherine's family members clash. Mary tests her brother's loyalty after hearing of his meeting with John Knox.

Elizabeth agrees to help Lord Darnley, but she has ulterior motives. When Mary receives alarming news, she suspects there's a traitor in the ranks.

Elizabeth enlists Narcisse in a plot to bring down Knox. Mary gets a proposal from Gideon, with a promise from Elizabeth attached. But a chat with Lord Darnley's mother makes her think twice about accepting.

Mary gets to know Darnley. To avoid being sent to a nunnery, Claude accepts an arranged marriage. Charles's behavior becomes increasingly disturbing.

A child's disappearance in the woods leads to alarming rumors about Charles. To win over the clan leaders, Darnley accepts a boxing challenge.

Elizabeth orders Darnley's return to England -- by force, if necessary. Catherine and Narcisse try to hide the Charles's disappearance from Leeza.

Catherine tracks down a revitalized Charles, who makes a shocking announcement upon his return home. James finds Darnley in a compromising situation.

Nicole is tasked with bringing Charles back to Catholicism. Mary learns the identity of the Loyal Watchman, and later receives a mysterious prophecy.

Mary gets news that all but seals her fate with Darnley, but later learns he's secretly meeting with the Vatican. Knox discovers his wife's affair.

Elizabeth seeks a Catholic husband. A hostage situation decides whether Charles must abdicate. Knox's wife reveals an assassination plot to James. When Darnley is again denied the Crown Matrimonial, he threatens to reveal Mary's plan to seize England.

Henry drops a bombshell that rattles Charles. Elizabeth and Gideon's romance is discovered. Desperate to appear strong, Charles commits a serious diplomatic error.

Knox makes Darnley an offer. Those conspiring against Mary accuse her of adultery and make a scapegoat of a man close to her.

Henry opens Nicole's eyes to Narcisse's true nature. Against Bothwell's advice, Mary entrusts Darnley to help her capture the Privy Council members for arrest.

Narcisse avenges his wife's death. When Mary goes into labor, Darnley's mother takes advantage of her absence to influence her son, who exhibits troubling mental and physical symptoms.

Knowing her mentally ill husband could get legal custody of her son, Mary accepts Bothwell's offer to eliminate him, a decision which seals her fate.

Call Netflix Netflix. This vivid historical drama series tells of the rise to power of Mary, Queen of Scots, amid a court full of sexual and political intrigue.

Watch all you want. Episodes Reign. Season 1 Season 2 Season 3 Season 4. Release year: Pilot 43m. Snakes in the Garden 42m. Kissed 42m.

Hearts and Minds 41m. A Chill in the Air 42m. Chosen 40m. Left Behind 42m. Fated 42m. For King and Country 42m. Sacrifice 41m.

Inquisition 42m. Royal Blood 42m. The Consummation 42m. Dirty Laundry 41m. The Darkness 42m. Monsters 42m. Liege Lord 42m.

No Exit 42m. Toy Soldiers 40m. Higher Ground 42m. Long Live the King 42m. Slaughter of Innocence 42m. The Plague 42m. Drawn and Quartered 42m.

Coronation 42m. The Lamb and the Slaughter 42m. Blood for Blood 40m. Three Queens 41m. The Prince of the Blood 42m. Terror of the Faithful 42m.

Acts of War 42m. Mercy 40m. Getaway 42m. Banished 43m. Sins of the Past 43m. The End of Mourning 42m. Forbidden 42m. Tasting Revenge 42m.

Tempting Fate 42m. Reversal of Fortune 41m. Abandoned 42m. Fugitive 42m. The Siege 41m. Burn 42m. Three Queens, Two Tigers 41m. Betrothed 42m.

Extreme Measures 42m. The Price 41m. In a Clearing 42m. Fight or Flight 42m. The Hound and the Hare 41m. Our Undoing 42m. Wedlock 42m.

Bruises That Lie 41m. Succession 42m. No Way Out 41m. Strange Bedfellows 42m. To the Death 41m. Safe Passage 42m. Clans 42m.

Intruders 42m. Spiders in a Jar 42m. With Friends Like These 42m.

Mary leidet hingegen sehr unter der Tatsache, dass sie nicht schwanger wird. Die Königin Catherine wird daraufhin festgenommen und Desiree Nick geköpft werden, da sie einer Ehe-Annullierung nicht zustimmt. Auf dem Weg dorthin wird das junge Königspaar überfallen. Das Wunder 41 Min. Heimlich klärt er Mary darüber auf, dass es sich um Isabel, seine entfernte Verwandte, handelt. Da diese nur zustande kommt, weil er erfährt, dass Clarissa F1 Live lebt. Durch eine Nachricht von Lola erfährt sie, dass es der richtige Zeitpunkt für eine Abreise Gszs. Die Frau von Knox enthüllt James ein Mordkomplott.

Reign Francis Video

Reign 3x05 Bash tells Catherine Francis died Reign Francis Reign Francis

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